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Navigating Redundancy: Ensuring Fairness and Compliance

Updated: May 22


In today's ever-changing business landscape, reducing costs and restructuring are sometimes necessary steps for companies to remain competitive and sustainable. However, executing a redundancy process requires careful planning, clear communication, and adherence to legal regulations to ensure fairness and transparency for all involved parties. Here are some top tips to guide you through the process while staying legally compliant and maintaining a fair and transparent approach:

Establish a Robust Business Case:

Before initiating any redundancy process, it's crucial to have a clear and compelling business case that outlines the rationale behind the proposed changes articulating the current and proposed future state. This will help stakeholders understand the need for restructuring and create a foundation for transparent decision-making.

Clear Communication and FAQs:

Transparent communication is key to alleviating uncertainty and anxiety among employees. Provide clear and timely information about the restructuring plans, including FAQs to address common concerns and questions.

Selection Criteria:

When determining which roles may be at risk of redundancy, ensure that selection criteria are fair, objective, and based on legitimate business reasons. Avoid any form of bias or discrimination in the selection process.

Collective & Individual Consultation:

Depending on the number of employees affected, you may be required to undertake a collective redundancy consultation process. This involves consulting with employee representatives or trade unions and providing relevant information about the proposed changes.

By law, you must hold collective consultation where all of the following apply:

  • You're proposing 20 or more redundancies (dismissals)

  • The redundancies are in one establishment – not necessarily in your organisation as a whole, which may be much larger

  • You propose to make the redundancies within 90 days

Even if the above criteria do not apply to your situation, it can still be good practice to collectively consult. Collective consultation involves engaging with representatives of affected employees or trade unions to discuss the proposed changes, share relevant information, and consider alternative solutions. This collaborative approach helps ensure that the views and concerns of employees are taken into account, fostering a sense of fairness and transparency throughout the process.

In addition to collective consultation, you should also consult with employees individually. This allows for personalised discussions about how the proposed changes may affect them directly, providing an opportunity to address any concerns or questions they may have. You should consult with individuals for as long as is deemed appropriate for meaningful consultation to take place.

Individual consultation demonstrate a commitment to treating employees with dignity and respect, fostering open communication and trust during a challenging time of transition.

Meaningful Consultation:

Engage in genuine and meaningful consultation with affected employees. Listen to their concerns, consider any alternative suggestions or proposals, and discuss the financial implications of the redundancy decisions.

Formal Notifications:

Ensure that you follow the correct procedures for issuing formal notifications at each stage of the redundancy process. This includes inviting individuals to consultation meetings, formally notifying them of the risk of redundancy, and providing written notice of redundancy if necessary.

Redeployment and Alternatives:

Explore all possible options to avoid redundancies, including redeployment opportunities within the organisation or alternative solutions such as job sharing or reduced hours. Provide support and assistance to employees who may be eligible for redeployment.

Right to Appeal:

Offer individuals the right to appeal against their selection for redundancy and the termination of their employment. This allows them to challenge the decision and ensures that the process remains fair and transparent.

Avoid Discrimination:

Throughout the redundancy process, it's essential to uphold principles of equality and non-discrimination. Treat all employees with fairness and respect and avoid making decisions based on protected characteristics such as age, gender, race, or disability.

Ensure that you undertake the process in line with your culture and values:

When navigating the delicate task of implementing a redundancy process, it's imperative to ensure that every step aligns seamlessly with the ethos and principles of your organisation, including procedural fairness. While it's crucial to adhere to legislations during such transitions, true integrity lies in upholding your company's core values throughout. Fairness isn't just a concept; it's an actionable commitment to ensuring that every employee impacted by the process is treated with impartiality and respect. This means providing clear communication about the reasons behind the redundancies, offering opportunities for employees to voice their concerns or ask questions, and conducting the selection process based on objective criteria. By incorporating procedural fairness into every aspect of the redundancy process, you not only demonstrate ethical leadership but also foster trust and goodwill within your workforce, even during challenging times.

Don't forget the negative impact on any individuals not at risk of redundancy:

In addition to considering the impact on individuals at risk of redundancy, it's essential to address the concerns of those who are not directly affected by the restructuring process. The uncertainty surrounding job losses can create anxiety and affect morale throughout the organisation. Providing clear communication, reassurance, and support to employees who are not at risk of redundancy is crucial for maintaining productivity and morale during times of change. This includes addressing any questions or concerns they may have about the future direction of the company and offering opportunities for open dialogue and feedback. By acknowledging the impact on all employees, regardless of their immediate job security, organisations can foster a sense of unity, trust, and resilience throughout the transition period.


By following these tips and ensuring compliance with relevant laws and regulations, you can navigate the redundancy process with fairness, transparency, and integrity, minimising the impact on affected employees while safeguarding the interests of the business.

If you need HR support on this topic, please reach out to Progressive HR Solutions via email at

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